Roman Military Equipment

Protective Equipment - Roman Helmets - Agen / Port and Weisenau

Agen / Port Type Helmets

Agen Type

Port Type, Nidau

Weisenau Type Helmets

Weisenau Helmet in Bronze both with a highly tinned surface, from the Axel Guttmann Collection

highly tinned brass Weisenau-Guttmann type with decorated cheek pieces, formerly in the Axel Guttmann Collection, now in the Madrid Archeological National Museum

Early Weisenau type helmet, Augsburg Museum

Iron helmet of the sub-type Weisenau/Guttmann (classification by Marcus Junkelmann). For comparison see the tinned example with decorated cheek pieces from the former  Axel Guttmann collection (see above picture this section).  The iron bowl is completely preserved with both cheek pieces and decorative red enamel studs. Early example of this helmet type attributed to the Augustan/Tiberian period. A-typical "eyebrows" with distinct "celtic" features, previously encountered only in few finds such as a  brass helmet in the former Guttmann collection with "hanging eyebrows" (see above picture in this section)  and a brass helmet in the collection of the Archaeological Museum Frankfurt.

Private collection, formerly 2006-2007 on display at the Museum Carnuntinum (Austria, Bad Deutsch-Altenburg)


Early Weisenau from the Axel Guttmann collection, now in a US private collection. Unusual are the eye brows and shape, showing Celtic (?) influence.

Images with white background Herrmann Historica Auction 154, 2008, Image with black background Christies Auction 2002-2004

Left brass Weisenau frontal view (copy in the RGZM Mainz, original in the Schaffhausen Museum, CH), right iron Weisenau type helmet from Nijmegen,

A Weisenau Helmet in Iron with Brass fittings, formerly Collection Axel Guttmann, now in the Madrid Archeological National Museum

another Weisenau helmet  from the former Axel Guttmann collection, now presumably in an unknown private collection. Estimated as second half first century AD
Image from Christies AuctionImages from Herrmann Historika Auction

Brass Weisenau with multiple owner's inscriptions on the neck guard, formerly Axel Guttmann Collection, currently in North American private collection

Weisenau type brass helmet from Aquincum (Budapest Museum)

Weisenau helmet from Bedriacum, (Courtesy Civico Museo Ala Ponzone – Cremona-IT - photo, said to originate from a civil war battle field of 69 AD

Brass Weisenau from the Köln Museum, recent 2004 acquisition, one preserved cheek piece. Said to originate from the Po river near Cremona, found in the early 20th century AD, most likely attributable to the Civil War 69 AD.

Bronze helmet of the Weisenau Type with a distinct variation (a feature not observed elsewhere): two iron cheekpieces with copper edging and the remainder of a  figural brass decoration on the right cheekpiece. The helmet belongs to a relative small group of Weisenau helmets without "eyebrows" and articulated horizontal ribs at the back of the skull. Furthermore the neckguard is entirely plain and undecorated but it features a singular hole at its very center. The frontal protective bar carries a three letter inscription (underside).
Dated: Mid - first century AD
Private collection. Formerly 2006-2007 on display at Museum Carnuntinum ( Austria, Bad Deutsch-Altenburg)
Published: Exhibition catalogue "Legionsadler und Druidenstab, F. Humer, 2006," ISBN 3854602294"

Weisenau type helmet, Vindonissa Museum
image courtesy of Cesare Rusalen

Weisenau type helmet, undecorated bronze helmet, ex Gorny&Mosch auction, now presumably private collection

Late Weisenau type, with cross bar reinforcement, from Theilenhofen

Weisenau type Helmet Cheek piece


The type Niedermörmter is a late Weisenau type helmet, here the name-giving helmet now in the Landesmuseum Bonn. 


Another example is the former Axel Guttmann collection helmet with the two mice:


Highly decorated brass Cheek piece from a Weisenau type helmet, from Munich Archeological Museum


Examples of Helmet handles (fixed to the neck guard), Aalen Museum


Related Sections of the Roman Numismatic Gallery:

The  Location of Roman Legions from Caesar to ca. 300 AD is summarized in a table. 

Military Equipment 

Military Diploma 

Roman Legionary Bricks 

Countermarks of roman legions on coins are shown in the Legionary Countermark section

Coins making reference to roman legions are to be found in the Legionary Coin section

Wars and Victories on Roman coins. 

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