Protective Equipment - Roman Helmets:
Niederbieber type helmets
Below a particulary well preserved example of a Niederbieber type
in bronze (fotos from the catalogue "Römer zwischen Alpen und Nordmeer",
Note the additional cross-reinforcements of the skull, cheeks are missing. The helmet took a hit in the neck. Late second century AD, the most advanced helmet type developed by the Roman army
Iron helmet type Niederbieber with articulated x-bars and long
neckguard. The rim of the neckguard folded over (upwards) to create the
distinct impression of edging. Cheek pieces only in fragmentary condition,
however allowing for a complete reconstruction (see last image).
Dated: approx 180-250 AD, Private collection
Niederbieber Type helmet from the Frankfurt Archeological Museum, iron helmet with brass fittings from Heddernheim
A cheek piece matching with a Niederbieber Helmet (private collection)
Niederbieber type unfinished helmet from Rheinau-Buch, cheek
pieces original, cross reinforcements reconstruction, missing frontal reinforcement
Niederbieber Type helmet from Friedberg, Hessen (copy from the RGZM
Mainz, original lost in WWII, ex Darmstadt museum)
Two Niederbieber Type helmets (brass), from the Leiden Museum, NL
Brass Niederbieber type helmet from the former Axel Guttmann Collection,
now in a German private collection. The transversal cross bar has been
executed in iron, indicating a repair in antiquity
Images with white background Herrmann Historica Auction 154, 2008, Image with black background Christies Auction 2002-2004
Heddernheim Type 1 Helmet, with round knob
Frankfurt, iron skull with bronze ornaments (snakes), here copy from
the RGZM Mainz, original at Frankfurt Archeological Museum
similiar decoration on a helmet from the Nijmegen Museum, NL
Heddernheim 1 helmet from the Leiden Museum, NL (face mask
not belonging to the helmet)
Related Sections of the Roman Numismatic Gallery:
The Location of Roman Legions
from Caesar to ca. 300 AD is summarized in a table.
Roman Legionary Bricks
Countermarks of roman legions on coins are shown in the Legionary Countermark section.
Coins making reference to roman legions are to be found in the Legionary Coin section.
Wars and Victories on Roman coins.
Roman Military Main Page