Roman Military Equipment
Back to Mainpage
Roman Military Mainpage
Roman Military Equipment

Roman Weapons - Roman Artillery

Lead Sling Bullets
some carry inscriptions of the general or unit it was made for. These bullets were used by specialized sling shooters.
Left example say ITAL for an Italian unit (maybe one of the Legio Italica ?), to the right of Pompeius' LEG XIII, from Spain (the latter one is possibly a fake)

Lead bullets with text exist e.g also for the Legio V Alaudae from the lower Rhine region.

Here lead bullets found in Scottland, Scottish National Museum, Edinburgh


Bow & Arrow (Archers)

Below drawings of some lead bullets from the Republic (above) and first Century (below);  also arrows and fragments from bows

First century archery fragments and lead bullets
Drawings from Roman Military Equipment by Bishop & Coulston, Edition 2, 2006 © M.C. Bishop

Catapults: Heavy and Light Artillery

Reconstruction of a light Roman mobile artillery device to shoot arrows, others were designed to catapult heavy stone projectiles.
In addition the Roman army had a full armamentarium of siege weapons to drill holes in city walls, build mobile towers and much more.

Recently recovered light catapult from the Xanten area, and its reconstruction. Iron and wooden parts were preserved exceedingly well in the mud of the River Rhine.

Catapult projectile of the Legion XIX, destroyed by the Germans under P Quinctilius Varus. Munich Archeological Museum, found in Oberammergau where the legion helped to conquer Raetia under Drusus and Tiberius


Catapults:  Stone Projectiles


Related Sections of the Roman Numismatic Gallery:

The  Location of Roman Legions from Caesar to ca. 300 AD is summarized in a table.
Military Equipment
Military Diploma
Roman Legionary Bricks
Countermarks of roman legions on coins are shown in the Legionary Countermark section.
Coins making reference to roman legions are to be found in the Legionary Coin section.
Wars and Victories on Roman coins.
Roman Military Main Page