Roman Military Equipment
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Roman Military Equipment

Modern Reconstructions

Reconstructions of Infantry Equipment

Infantry Equipment of the frist to third century AD. This covers the typical legionary, a roman citizen professional soldier as well as the foreign soldier serving in one of the many auxiliary cohorts of 500 or 1000 soldiers.

This impressive stone is now in the Bonn Museum. The text reads:

"To Marcus Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting tribe, from Bologna, a centurion in the First Order of legio XVIII,
aged 53; He fell in the Varian War. His bones - if found - may be placed in this monument. Publius Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting
 tribe, his brother, set this up."

Roman Military Equipment made after orginials:

Below an early second Century Legionary, wearing the famous lorica segmentata armour, a gallic type helmet, a typical cingulum belt with attached pugio dagger, and a gladius type pompeianus on a thin balteus sword belt over his shoulder. The rectangular shield (scutum) is of the type shown on Traian's column and based on the examples found in Dura Europos on the Euphrates river


Chain mail with the typical hooks, nice example of a an early imperial cingulum, and a gladius pompeianus.

Hagenau Helmet

To the left late second century soldier with a helmet of the Niederbieber type, to the right third century AD a soldier wearing a lorica hamata body armour. Note the broad balteus shoulder sword belt with its elaborate decorations


Reconstructions of Cavalry Equipment

Below equipment of both the legionary cavalry as well as the auxiliary cavalry (alae) is shown.

Gravestones of cavalry soldiers in full attack

Military Equipment re-make of a cavalry soldier wearing a parade face mask helmet, an oval shield, lorica hamata as body armour, and a lance as offensive weapon, the long spatha sword can be seen on his right side

Reconstructions of Horse Harness & Saddle


Related Sections of the Roman Numismatic Gallery:

The  Location of Roman Legions from Caesar to ca. 300 AD is summarized in a table.
Military Equipment
Military Diploma
Roman Legionary Bricks
Countermarks of roman legions on coins are shown in the Legionary Countermark section.
Coins making reference to roman legions are to be found in the Legionary Coin section.
Wars and Victories on Roman coins.
Roman Military Main Page