Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins
Countermarks on Coins of Augustus & Tiberius, left and right "countermasses" from Moesia
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Brief Introduction to Roman Countermarks:
Countermarks on official Roman coins
are mainly found on AE coinage of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. These are
often linked to the Roman legions based along the northern and eastern
frontiers. Germania Inferior and Superior, Pannonia and Moesia, Syria and
Judea are the major sources of these types of countermarks that likely
enlarged the area of acceptance of these often very worn coins. One hypothesis
sees them as donations of the emperor or his generals to the troops.
Other countermarks e.g. on Spanish, Gallic, or Greek provincial coins are not necessary linked to the Roman legions, but rather have a municipal character.
Attributions of countermarks to regions and emperors are highly speculative, the field is moving rapidly and today's knowledge may be quite outdated tomorrow.
We look forward to discussions with interested visitors of these pages and appreciate scans of Roman countermarks to be added to the museum.
Please contact Andreas Pangerl under
@yahoo.com (please leave out the blank between
our name and the @, this is to discourage spam robots)
if you have any questions or need help with the attribution of countermarks
in your collection.
recommend as Reference Literature:
|For Western Countermarks on official Roman coins and their Imitations:
Many thanks to the
Numismatic Gallery (www.romancoins.info) for hosting the Museum of
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