11. Various Countermarks:
Unknown Host Coins & Countermarks
"CAESAR CAESAR" on Unknown Host Coin
" Delta Y"an
Eastern Provincial countermark on a cistophorus, seemingly not yet described
in the literature ?
"Heads of Emperors"
Augustus (?) on unknown coin
Head of an Emperor (visiting the Eastern Provinces ?)
on unknown host coin
Another provincial coin with interesting countermarks
(Look them up yourself in the book by Howgego)
"TB C" on republican denarius
maybe for Tiberius Caesar ?
Countermark Greek Letters "Phi" plus aramaic
letter "T" (?)
on Nero Sestertius. Attribution unknown.
This coin from the king Attambelos III from Mesene, a little kingdom
in the Tigris region (ca. 70 AD) shows a countermark that could be of roman
origin as well (the X would suggest that), but little is known about this
series. Traian and his legions reached this kingdom in 116/117 AD and gave
it the status of a client kingdom to Rome.
Head and Capricorn on a Greek Hellenistic or Roman Provincial coin
Arabic countermark on Antoninus Pius coin from Antiochia
A modern countermark on an ancient coin of Traianus
"PROB" fake on ancient (?) Claudius sestertius
"TYP" on Claudius As (either a local countermark, or could be a modern
forgery according to an expert)
Modern fake "NCAPR", a common fake, several examples
"NCAPR", on Claudius sestertius. This one is a modern cast fake, as pointed out 1974/75 by Gregory Brunk in his
3 part series, "The Ancient Countermarks", which appeared in the Nov., Dec. 1974 and Jan. 1975 issues of the "Numismatist".
Below 4 more such fakes:
A fake "GAL KAI" on Nero coin (cast copy)
Modern fake TI*C*A* countermarks on ancient barbarous imitation
coin of Augustus
more fake TI*C*A* countermarks
A fake vandal XLII countermark (modern punches)