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Countermarks of Augustus

1.4.2. Countermarks on Moneyer Coins of Augustus Part 2

This section covers:

"IMP", "IMP AVC", "MD", "S", "SE", "TIB", "TIB AVC", "TIBIM", "TICA", "VAR", "VA",

and various so called "sicilian" pictoral countermarks:

"male Head with beard", "Prora", "Helios Head", "Standing Helios", "Capricorn", "Star"

"IMP" on Augustus Moneyer As, Pannonia, unspecific, could be from Augustus or later (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 79)

IMP, XI (?), and on obverse CAE, and to the right multiple countermarks, IMP, PP, AVC, CAE, TICAE, etc., both imitation moneyer dupondi

halved As with "IMP"

"IMP imitation (?)" on a Monyer sestertius with "CAE" countermark


"IMP AVC" on Augustus As, likely mid-late Tiberian or Caligula, from Germania Superior, always struck over the previous TIB, TIB IM, TIBAVC countermarks, and thus later in time (countermarkMartini Pangerl Collection 53)

"IMPAVC" over "TIB" round
"IMP AVC" over "TIB" round

"MD" or MP ? Imitation IMP in ligature ? on a coin from Augustus, the meaning of this countermark is unknown, likely from Pannonia


"S" punch on the coin below likely downgrades this worn As to a Semis (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 4)

"SE" on a coin possibly from Augustus, the meaning of this countermark is unknown (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 49)  

"TIB" "TIB" in circle on Augustus Moneyer As, Germania Superior (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 55)

"TIB AVC" on Augustus As, Germania Superior (Vindonissa) , clearly from the reign of Tiberius (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 56)

"TIB AVC" on halved Augustus As, Vindonissa type

"TIB AVC" on Drusus Junior As (AD 22-23), the youngest coin known to carry the Tiberius countermarks, (Vindonissa type), coin minted under Tiberius

"TIB.IM" on Augustus As (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 57)

"TIB.IM" with "IMPAVC"

"TICA" on Augustus moneyer coins (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 89)

imitation cmk on imitation Dupondius

an modern fake TI*C*A* countermark on an ancient moneyer As of Augustus


"VAR" (mostly occurring on Lugdunum coins of Augustus, see also Lugdunum coin section) (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 52)


"VA" (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 119)
meaning unknown
(scan to follow)

From Sicily comes a series of pictural countermarks on Moneyer sesterti of Augustus,

here a "man's bearded head"


"Prora" on a augustean sestertius, countermark likely from Sicilia, (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 68)

"Helios" "divinity standing left" (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 65) and "radiate gladiator helmet or head of helios" (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 66) , on augustean sestertius, countermark likely from Sicilia

another example

"Capricorn" and "Star" above on Augustus Dupondius (This may also be from Vespasianus times also, who had the capricorn as his symbol, thus following the lead of Augustus) (countermark Martini Pangerl Collection 64)


Unknown Countermark:
What may this countermark be ?